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Rosehips

Also known as: Dogrose, Roserhip, Hipberry
Latin: Rosa canina
Macedonian: Sipinka, Sipka, Div trendafil
Parts used:Fruits

History:
Description:

The DOG ROSE ( R. canina ) is a flower of the early summer, its blossoms expanding in the first days of June and being no more to be found after the middle of July. The general growth of the Dog Rose is subject to so much variation that the original species defined by Linnaeus has been divided by later botanists into four or five subspecies. The flowers vary very considerably in colour, from almost white to a very deep pink, and have a delicate but refreshing fragrance. The scarlet fruit, or hip (a name that has come down from the Anglo-Saxon hiope ), is generally described as 'flask-shaped.' It is what botanists term a false fruit, because it is really the stalk-end that forms it and grows up round the central carpels, enclosing them as a case; the real fruits, each containing one seed, are the little hairy objects within it. Immediately the flower has been fertilized, the receptacle round the immature fruits grows gradually luscious and red and forms the familiar 'hip,' which acts as a bait for birds, by whose agency the seeds are distributed. At first the hips are tough and crowned with the fivecleft calyx leaves, later in autumn they fall and the hips are softer and more fleshy.

Constituents:

The constituents of rose hips are malic, citric and ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), sugar and small quantities of tannin, resin, wax, malates, citrates and other salts.

Habitat:
Cultivation & Collection:
Processing (Preparation):

Using specially constructed equipment, the dry hips are cleaned from dust, foreign particles, like iron, sand, etc., and the seeds and the hairs are separated from the “meet”. The required granulation for various purposes is prepared by specially designed cutters and mills and screens.

Quality:

The quality is checked according to the European Pharmacopoea. Additional tests are being also run on request.

Pharmacological action:

Rose hips were long official in the Pritish Pharmacopceia for refrigerant and astringent properties, but are now discarded and only used in medicine to prepare the confection of hips used in conjunction with other drugs, the pulp being separated from the skin and hairy seeds and beaten up with sugar. It is astringent and considered strengthening to the stomach and useful in diarrhoea and dysentery, allaying thirst, and for its pectoral qualities good for coughs and spitting of blood. Culpepper states that the hips are 'grateful to the taste and a considerable restorative, fitly given to consumptive persons, the conserve being proper in all distempers of the breast and in coughs and tickling rheums' and that it has 'a binding effect and helps digestion.' He also states that 'the pulp of the hips dried and powdered is used in drink to break the stone and to ease and help the colic.'

Use:

Supplemental therapy
Rosehips contain significan t amount of vitamin C. However,. The drying process destroys part of it, and the in fusions extract only about half of what is left. That still leaves a fair amount of vitamin C, but less than what is generally belived for the rosehip teas. Many companies that make vitamin C claim their products are “made from rosehips”. In fact, none are made exclusively from rosehips, but are combined with ascorbic acid from other sources. There is nothing wrong with making rosehips a part of your daily diet, but one should not count on the prepackaged teas containing them to supply all the vitamin C needed, especially when treating common cold and flu.

Culinary :

The pulp of the hips has a grateful acidity. In former times when garden fruit was scarce, hips were esteemed for dessert. Gerard assures us that 'the fruit when it is ripe maketh the most pleasante meats and banketting dishes as tartes and such-like,' the making whereof he commends 'to the cunning cooke and teethe to eate them in the riche man's mouth.' Another old writer says: 'Children with great delight eat the berries thereof when they are ripe and make chains and other pretty geegaws of the fruit; cookes and gentlewomen make tarts and suchlike dishes for pleasure.'
Rosehips are used to make jams and marmelades and in Russia and Sweden a kind of wine is made by fermenting the fruit.

Recipes
Tea:
Jams:
Compress:
Fomentation:
Herbal bath:
KORO products :

Filter bags 20 x 1.0 g ordering
Kitchen pack 50 g ordering
School & Restoran pack 1 kg ordering
Prepared bulk herb powder On request ordering
Prepared bulk herb flowers On request ordering